HTAG 3 TT1. Speeches like this probably won’t single-handedly change your life.HETAG 3 TT RTAG 4 TTIt’d be great if the key to success were as simple as listening to a few wise terms from a successful stranger, but it takes drive and effort to actually generate HTAG 11 TT9. There are a lot of people who’ll to continue efforts to stand in your style. Don’t become one of them.HETAG 11 TT RTAG 14 TTLife’s hard enough without putting up additional obstacles to your own success :P TAGEND BTAG 12 TT”I was not someone who should have the life I have now, and yet I do. I was sitting in the chair you are literally sitting in right now and I just whispered, ‘Why not me? ‘ And I maintained whispering it for 17 years; and here I am, someone that this school deemed worthy enough to speak to you at your commencement.BTAG 13 TTBTAG 14 TTDon’t let anyone tell you that you can’t do something, but especially not yourself. Go conquer the world. Just remember this: Why not HTAG 12 TTWatch Kaling’s moving( and very funny) speech below.HETAG 12 TT DTAG 22 TTDTAG 23 TTDTAG 24 TT Palantir: the’ special ops’ tech giant that exerts as much real-world power as Google

Peter Thiels CI-Abacked, data-mining firm honed its crime predicting techniques against insurgents in Iraq. The same techniques are now being sold to police departments. Will they inflame already tense relations between the public and the police?

In Minority Report, the 2002 movie adaptation of the Philip K Dick novel, Tom Cruise plays a police officer in the LAPD pre-crime unit. Using the premonitions of sentient mutants called pre-cogs, the police are able to predict when someone is going to commit international crimes before it happens, swooping down from helicopters and apprehending them on the street before they can do anything. Their crime is that they simply thought about it.

Palantir, the CI-Abacked startup, is Minority Report come true. It is all-powerful, yet no one knows it even exists. Palantir does not have an office, it has a SCIF on a back street in Palo Alto, California. SCIF stands for sensitive compartmentalised information facility. Palantir tells its house must be built to be resistant to attempts to access the information within. The network must be airgapped from the public internet to avoid datum leakage.

Palantirs defence systems include advanced biometrics and walls impenetrable to radio waves, telephone signal or internet. Its data storage is blockchained: it cannot be accessed by merely sophisticated hacking, it requires digital pass codes held by dozens of independent parties, whose identities are themselves protected by blockchain.

What is Palantir protecting? A palantir is a seeing stone in JRR Tolkiens The Lord of the Rings; a dark orb used by Saruman to be able to see in darkness or blinding sun. Palantir means one that assures from afar, a mythical tool of omnipotence.

Saruman
Saruman with his insuring stone in The Lord of the Rings.

In 2004, Peter Thiel the billionaire PayPal co-founder, Facebook investor and and latter-day Trump ally generated Palantir alongside Nathan Gettings, Joe Lonsdale, Stephen Cohen and Alex Karp. Their intention was to create a company that took Big Data somewhere no one else dared to run. In 2013, Karp, Palantirs CEO, announced that the company would not be pursuing an IPO, as going public would make running a company like ours very difficult. This is why.

Palantir watches everything you do and predicts what you will do next in order to stop it. As of 2013, its client list included the CIA, the FBI, the NSA, the Centre for Disease Control, the Marine Corps, the Air Force, Special Operations Command, West Point and the IRS. Up to 50% of its business is with the public sector. In-Q-Tel, the CIAs venture arm, was an early investor.

Palantir
Palantir helped convict ponzi-schemer Bernie Madoff. Photo: Sipa Press/ Rex Features

Palantir tracks everyone from potential terrorist suspects to corporate fraudsters( Bernie Madoff was imprisoned with the help of Palantir ), child traffickers and what they refer to as subversives. But it is all done using prediction.

In Iraq, the Pentagon employed Palantir software to track patterns in roadside bomb deployment and worked out garage-door openers were being used as remote detonators by predicting it.

Palantir allowed the marines to upload DNA samples from remote locations and tap into information gathered from years of collecting fingerprints and DNA evidence, the results returned almost immediately.

Without Palantir, suspects would have already moved on to a different location by the time the field agents received the results. Utilizing the most sophisticated data mining, Palantir can predict the future, seconds or years before it happens. Samuel Reading a former marine who has worked in Afghanistan for NEK Advanced Securities Group, a US military contractor has said: Its the combination of every analytical tool you could ever dream of. You will know every single bad guy in your area.

Palantir is at the heart of the US government, but with its other limb, Palantir Metropolis, it provides the analytical tools for hedge funds, banks and financial services firms to outsmart each other.

Palantir does not just provide the Pentagon with a machine for global monitoring and the data-efficient battle of war, “youre running” Wall street, too. Palantir is exactly what it tells it is: a giant digital eye like Sarumans assuring stone in The Lord of the Rings.

On the streets of Chicago and Los Angeles, Palantir is getting closest to Philip K Dicks vision of the future , now. In the cinema, a premonition of an Orwellian thought-police state, crime rates drop to zero as the pre-crime division successfully imprisons thousands of individuals for simply thinking of perpetrating a felony.

Palantirs
Palantirs co-founder Peter Thiel. Photograph: Bloomberg via Getty Images

However, when Cruises character begins to question the morality of what he is doing, his superiors detect a threat to the entire pre-crime programme. In order to get rid of him, Cruise is framed for a assassination by altering the data provided by his thought history. In the final showdown with his boss, it is explained to Cruise that sometimes the numbers need to lie for “the worlds largest” good of society.

Minority Report is set in 2054, but Palantir is putting pre-crime into operation now. The Los Angeles Police Department has use Palantir to predict who will commit international crimes by swooping Minority Report-style on suspects. Palantir calls its work with the LAPD improving situational awareness, and responding to crime in real time.

Algorithms take in data on the place, day and date of previously committed crimes and this data is superimposed to create hotspots on a map for police officer to patrol. A 2013 video about predictive policing by the National Science Foundation features an officer explaining how they used one of these maps to prevent an assault before it happened.

Military-grade surveillance technology has now migrated from Fallujah to the suburban neighbourhoods of LA. Predictive policing is being used on illegal drivers and petty offenders through a redeployment of techniques and algorithms used by the US army dealing with rebels in Iraq and with civilian casualty patterns.

When the US is described as a war zone between police and young black males, it is rarely mentioned that tactics developed by the US military in a real war zone are actually being deployed. Is predictive policing as a counter-insurgency tactic a contributing factor in the epidemic of police shootings of unarmed black men in the past four years?

Predictive
Could predictive policing contribute to police shootings of black people? Photograph: Frederic J Brown/ AFP/ Getty Images

One could argue that sophisticated pre-crime algorithm are not necessary when being black and male is seen as reason enough for the police to swoop. What predictive policing has done is militarise American cities, creating a heightened culture of distrust and fear in areas where tensions are highest and policing is already most difficult. Policemen being led to certain neighborhoods exclusively because of an algorithm is appropriate to cause tension; enough to erupt a powder keg and push a delicate policing situation over the edge.

Ana Muniz is an activist and researcher who works with the Inglewood-based Youth Justice Coalition. Any day that a societys military and domestic police become more similar, the lines blur, she told LA Weekly. The military is supposed to defend the territory from external enemies, thats not the mission of the police theyre not supposed to look at the population as an external enemy.

In 2010, the LAPD announced a partnership with Motorola Solutions to monitor the Jordan Downs public housing project with surveillance cameras. In 2013, they announced the deployment of live CCTV cameras with facial-recognition software in San Fernando Valley, reported to be programmed to ID suspects on a hot list.

Data merely becomes a new route of reinforcing old racisms. Critics of these analytics argue that from the moment a police officer with the pre-crime mindset that you are a criminal steps out of their patrol car to confront you, your fate has been sealed.

In 2013, TechCrunch obtained a leaked report on the use of Palantir by the LA and Chicago police departments. Sgt Peter Jackson of the LAPD was quoted as saying: Detectives love the kind of information[ Palantir] provides. They can now do things that we could not do before.

Palantir is immensely secretive. It exerts as much real-world power as Google, Facebook, Amazon, Microsoft and Apple, but unlike them, Palantir operates so far under the radar, it is special ops.

This is an extract from Done: The Secret Bargains That Are Changing Our World by Jacques Peretti( Hodder& Stoughton, 20 ), available now. To order a transcript for 17, go to bookshop.theguardian.com or call the Guardian Bookshop on 0330 333 6846. Free UK p& p over 10, online orders only. Telephone orders min. p& p of 1.99.

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